Four Tests Required To Confirm The Parentage Of A Child


According to the law in many countries, a legal proof of fatherhood requires that the mother is married during conception. Alternatively, during birth, both parents sign acknowledgment of parentage while at the hospital. If this is not the case, the paternity can be determined later through a paternity test. Jeffrey Feulner has a clear understanding of all issues relating to family and divorce law. What is a paternity test and how does it work?

Are there any benefits to performing paternity tests?

There are several benefits to a child establishing who their biological father is. This information is perfect for the child’s development and enables the mother and father arrive at an understanding that is in their child’s best interests.


As the mother of a child first identify the biological father and help ensure that they are financially supported. This can be done through child support. Other benefits that can be enjoyed include the inheritance, social security, insurance and veteran benefits. Alternatively, once your child ascertains who the birth father is, they will develop a relationship and ease the parenting burden that you solely carry. This will depend on how much the father will decide to be involved.

Once a parental relationship is ascertained, the child is the biggest beneficiary. First, this is an emotional moment that can help in their future development especially if they establish a relationship. Knowing the biological father entitles the child to inheritance rights. Any other benefits such as child support ensure that the child gets a comfortable upbringing. The basis for determining any parental relation during testing is the DNA.It is also the most commonly used method. Alternatively, testing the blood for serum antigens can do this too. Here are four paternity tests often used.


Non-invasive prenatal paternity

Also referred to as NIPP testing, it is the best-preferred method with a 99% rate of accuracy. During this test the blood sample from the mother and the baby’s DNA which is freely flowing within the bloodstream. This test is done after the baby has passed the eighth week of the pregnancy. All that’s required is the mother and prospective blood samples. Therefore, the developing baby is not exposed to any risk.


Amniocentesis is pronounced during the second trimester of pregnancy. This is between the 14th and the 20th week. During this test, physicians use ultrasound when guiding the needle into the mothers’ uterus via the abdomen. A small amount of the amniotic fluid is extracted as it contains the baby’s DNA.

Chorionic villus sampling

CVS sampling is where the physician inserts a thin tube or needle into the vagina to obtain a sample of chorionic villus. In other cases, the needle may be inserted via the abdomen. On the uterine wall are branch-like tissues called the chorionic villi. They have traces of DNA. This method is preferred around the 10th and 13th week of pregnancy.


Postnatal testing

It costs way less to undergo a post-natal test than a prenatal one. If the testing were to be performed right at childbirth, blood extracts from the umbilical cord are used.

Finding the right personal injury attorney


When faced with a personal injury case, it is important to contact a lawyer fast. This is because attorneys are the ones who will negotiate compensation on your behalf. With them, you can be sure that the most important aspects of the case will be taken into consideration. You also are sure that you will get your rightful compensation, unlike other situations where people will seek to coerce you into accepting peanuts. The only problem that people face in this situation is that they do not know the most important things to consider when looking for a personal injury lawyer. If you look at websites like, you will notice that people often focus on things that matter less, and ignore those that make the whole difference.

Past cases

2To find the best personal injury lawyer, you should start by looking at their past cases. Dig into their history, and unearth some of the significant situations where they were called upon to represent people. You will notice that the best lawyers have a history of winning cases, and always get a good compensation for their clients. You also should find out if their cases are settled out of court, or if they always prefer a full trial. This is more important when you are looking for fast compensation. IN such a situation, you will notice that out of court settlements are likely to help you get over this matter fast, and avoid the annoying trips to the court that could take forever to finalize.

Contacts in the justice system

You need personal injury lawyers that has lots of contacts in the justice system. They should be familiar with the judges and state attorneys. This means that they should have been working in this system for several years. The reason you should consider this is because if the magistrates know the lawyer, they are likely to look deeper into their arguments. They know that the lawyer is professional and respected and therefore, they will be unlikely to brush aside anything they say with out giving it a deep thought. This also means that you are more likely to get a fair compensation when you choose such lawyers unlike when you choose little-known

Support staffs

3If you are going to visit the attorney’s offices, you also should find out the kinds of people that they work with. Ask about their ability to help you when you want to bring more evidence, file some papers, or just find out the progress of your case. Remember that the attorney may not be at the office when you visit, and so, you can only rely on these staffs. If they are not the kinds that you can easily relate to, you can be sure that you will have a difficult time before getting compensation. As for the fees charged by personal injury lawyers, shows that it varies depending on whom you hire. Most of the time, it will be a percentage of the compensation that you will get at the end of the case.


Reasons to hire a criminal lawyer


Many criminal cases are varying from violet crimes to even white collar crimes. No matter the type of crime, it is important to hire a criminal lawyer. The work of a lawyer is to help you in getting free from the serious violent crimes or in other cases in getting a reasonable penalty. There are reasons why you need to hire a criminal lawyer to help you with criminal cases. It doesn’t matter whether you are guilty or not. The lawyer will help you in getting a fair judgment because of their expertise in law.

Why you should hire a criminal lawyer

Challenge the evidence

The main role of a criminal lawyer is to challenge the evidence that has been leveled against you. In a criminal case, you are charged based on the evidence that is presented to the court. The lawyer will prove that the evidence is not sufficient to prosecute you or dismiss the evidence altogether. Criminal lawyers are smart, and they know how to manipulate the evidence. This is something that is impossible to do on your own because you might luck the knowledge and even the connections to do that.


Preparing a strong defense

A criminal lawyer will help in creating a strong defense. A strong defense will help you in winning the case or getting a lesser penalty. The worst thing that you can do is to go to the court without an attorney. The prosecutors can be very tough, and you will leave with no defense. You need to have a good attorney who will help you in building a good defense for your case. Criminal lawyers have all it takes to build a strong case for your case.

Give you advice

A good criminal lawyer will help you with advice on how to conduct yourself in the court process. Due to ignorance, there are some things that you are likely to do that end up compromising your case. The lawyer will advise you on issues like mannerism, answering questions and even the way you dress. These are the little things that will end up helping you in your case.


Represent your interest

Once the prosecutors realize that you have a lawyer representing your case, they will treat you in a better way. On the other hand, when you don’t have a lawyer, you will be exposed to all manner of criticism from the prosecution and other lawyers.

What You Need To Know About Personal Injury Lawyers


Sometimes getting justice can be very difficult, especially when one is an accident victim. In some cases, accidents can make one have massive medical bills. In addition, it can waste precious time too. Moreover, an accident victim will apparently spend most of his or her time in the hospital. Thus, he or she cannot stand for him or herself in court. As a solution to this issue, the legal sector had to introduce personal injury lawyers to stand for the victims.


What Is A Personal Injury Lawyer?

You might have heard of a personal injury lawyer, but have you ever, for a moment thought of who he or she really is? Well, at the point when a man has encountered damage because of the carelessness of another, a personal injury lawyer will step in because he or she has practical experience in personal injuries. In fact, these legal advisors are accessible to help their customers who have been harmed because of the imprudence of someone else.

How Do I Choose The Best Personal Injury Lawyer?

ZXCZXCXWhen someone injures you, do not just run for any lawyer. Instead, look for someone that has the expertise and experience to handle your case. It is important to find a legal advisor that represents considerable authority in personal injury prosecution. Amid suit, the insurance agencies will have their own legal advisors who are totally proficient with respect to the laws. In this manner, it is similarly critical for you to have a lawyer who specializes in personal injury. Always keep in mind that legal advisors who spent significant time in in the said field will have the capacity to utilize their learning to win the claim for you.

Are There Law Institutions That Offer Personal Injury Lawyers?

Yes, there are institutions that offer these services. In fact, there are a plethora of law firms who offer highly experienced lawyers in this sector. Thus, finding a reliable and reputable personal injury lawyer should not cause any trouble.

To sum it all up, we realize that a personal injury lawyer has a critical role when it comes to fighting for justice. Sometimes they might work without the affected individual, as they might not be in the capacity to appear in court because of injuries. However, the loudest cry from many law firms is that accident victims should never be afraid of consulting personal injury lawyers. The lawyers will always ensure that the victim is compensated in all aspects.

Examples Of Immigration Services In Leicester


Many people get turned down by the broader agency every year due to simple mistakes when submitting the required paperwork. Most individuals will end up parting with costly legal fees that are non-refundable when an application gets turned down. If you seek immigration services with the relevant help, then you won’t have any issues with your applications. Click on the highlighted link for the Leicester Immigration Services. Here are some of the services that can come in handy when handy in all your immigration matters;

Visa application


If you are looking to extend your stay in the area, then you could seek the assistance of immigration lawyers who can guide you through the visa application under the five-tier point based system. The method is advantageous since it allows for an extended stay which includes the EEA family permit application and the indefinite leave to remain (ILR). This is important especially for European nationals who are renouncing or obtaining British citizenship as well as seeking visa expiry issues that might lead to individuals getting detained or removed from the UK.

Immigration advice

If you are making an application for the first time or you have issues with your application, then you can get great insights on the asylum legislation as well as important rules and regulations governing the border agency procedure. Extensive advice on such matters will open you up to the immigration laws and how to handle different immigration issues that arise. It also plays a huge role in streamlining the difficult immigration process.


Once immigrants feel that they are not secure in their own country, they will tend to seek assistance from attorneys who are to offer them protection. Immigration lawyers will assist you through the entire process, but it’s important to note that there are parameters in which you cannot be guaranteed of security.

Immigration appeals

Once you file an appeal and it gets turned down, lawyers can guide you on how to handle the issue. For example, if you apply for a visa and it gets rejected for some reason then an attorney will ensure that it gets approved the next time around.

Green cards


This type of service is done for those individuals who wish to be permanent residents of a particular area. It’s important to note that certain conditions have to be met before you are eligible for a green card. That said, if you are not familiar with the process, then it’s paramount to seek the help of a qualified and credible attorney to help you out.


Finding A Good Compensations Lawyer

We live in a man eat man society. There so many injustices that are happening in the better part of the world. This why sometimes it is very important to find a good lawyer whenever you feel that you are mistreated in one way or the other. One important thing that you need to understand whenever you are in need of a compensation lawyer is that not all lawyers have the capability to help you get the justice that you deserve. This, therefore, tells you that you need to do some research before you make your final decision on who to hire and who to avoid.

What is the role of a compensation lawyer?

This is a question that most people ask themselves and you are probably asking the same question. Apart from the fact that a compensation lawyer has a lot of experience in the industry, there are many reasons why you need to hire one.

Some of these reasons are described below

Explain the law

One of the major roles played by compensation lawyers is that they help to explain the law. It will be a waste of time if you file a case that does not exist. In other words, you file a case that you are obviously going to lose. That will not only be a waste of time, but also a waste of resources. A compensation lawyer will help to explain to you whether you are eligible for compensation or not.

The lawyer will also be responsible for guiding you through the entire process

  • Remember that when it comes to legal matters. A slight mistake can cost you a lot. Collecting evidence When it comes to court matters, the evidence is very important. You, however, need to understand that if the evidence is not collected by the right expert, there is room for errors that might be very costly for the entire case.Other roles include;
  • Appealing in the court
  • Financial advice
  • Determining an amount
  • Assessing the situation

Factors to consider when hiring a compensation lawyer

For you to find a reliable lawyer who will be able to take you successfully through the whole process, there are some critical factors that you will need to put into consideration. Some of them are discussed below.


They say that experience is the best teacher and I agree. A compensation lawyer who has been in the industry for quite some time is in a better position of providing you with quality services than a new one. This is because they would have handled several similar cases and learn from the mistakes that they might have made in the past. This, therefore, tells you that a lawyer who has been in the industry for quite sometimes is worth going for.


This is another important factor that you should always put into considerations. One important thing that you need to understand is that the field of law is very wide and if you want a reliable lawyer, then the best thing is to contact a lawyer who specializes in the field that you want. The fact that the compensation lawyers specialize in the compensation matters means that they have gathered a lot of experience that they will use to win the case.

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